How to pay off a reverse mortgage early
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There are no prepayment penalties when you pay off a reverse mortgage early. Paying back a reverse mortgage early is favorable in many scenarios. You can leave the home to your heirs clear and free, with no or a much smaller debt than occurred in the beginning. 

A reverse mortgage can be a great way to pay off debt or fund retirement. But how do you know how much money you need? And how do you pay it off early? Here is a step-by-step guide for paying off your reverse mortgage early!

So if you are also considering paying off a reverse mortgage early, read below for a simple step-by-step guide: 

How A Reverse Mortgage Also Can Be Paid Off Early

The process of paying off a reverse mortgage is not very complicated. But it is advised that you contact a reverse mortgage specialist to avoid potential issues.

Step 1: Choose a date to pay off your reverse mortgage. Request your lender “no further draws” against the credit line of the equity and a payoff statement that includes the month when the mortgage is to be paid off.

The payoff statement lists all payments made over the course of the mortgage, accumulated interest, and costs associated with borrowing the loan.

Step 2: The statement may also include 34 days of interest, which provides padding if the payment is posted after the first of the month.

Since a reverse mortgage is backed by the Federal Housing Authority, the posting takes place on the first business day of the month, and a weekend could push it to the third day of the month.

Step 3: If you are selling the home, you may claim reimbursement if you had prepaid the insurance for an entire year. So let your insurance agent know the expected payoff day.

Step 4: It is worth letting your title closing agent handle the mortgage paperwork and the lien releases on your behalf. The process requires released for the lender and the FHA for the mortgage insurance premium.

On the other hand, if you handle the payoff on your own, send a cashier check for the money through overnight mail or wire transfer to the lender’s bank. Follow up to make sure that the lender has received the funds.

Step 5: Contact the title company agent to know if you need to fill out a form to receive a prorated rebate of mortgage insurance premiums. Also, request any “set aside” fees if any.

How a reverse mortgage works?

As a mortgage progresses, home equity increases as the loan balance decreases. As homeowners take out reverse mortgages or the equity of their homes decreases, they owe more and more to the lender.

The homeowner gets to choose which payments they prefer and only pays interest on the money used. If the homeowner moves or passes away, any money gained from selling the home pays back to the lender who provides a reverse mortgage.

What about appraised value?

In some cases, the appraised value can exceed what a homeowner owes. In that case, how do you pay off a reverse mortgage early?

Before paying off your reverse mortgage, talk to your agent about how much equity you have in your home and how much money would be received from selling it.

Changing Your Current Plan

Talk to your lender about changing the way you pay for your reverse mortgage. You can change your payment plan, as long as you didn’t use a fixed-rate, one-time lump sum.

Changing your payment plan is easier than refinancing, and will typically only require a small administrative fee. The most common question is whether you are already close to reaching the principal limit of your loan. Adjusting your payment plan is the easiest way to pay off a reverse mortgage early.

Can I Get Out Of A Reverse Mortgage?

The great news is yes! You can get out of a reverse mortgage using the following two options:

The Right Of Rescission

Most reverse mortgages come with “the right of rescission.” With this cancellation right, borrowers have three business days after signing their reverse mortgage closing paperwork if they want to cancel the transaction with no penalty. The lender cancels all mortgage documents and returns all fees, closing costs, and unused funds within 20 days.

HECM For Purchase

HECMs or Home Equity Conversion Mortgages for purchase allows you to purchase a new home and obtain a reverse mortgage in one transaction. However, once closing documents are signed, and you have received proceeds, the decision is final. 

Reverse Mortgage Heirs Responsibility

Reverse mortgage heirs are not responsible to pay the loan balance or pay back the loan. If the loan balance is more than the appraised value of the home, the heirs are not held responsible to pay the difference or making the monthly payments.  

This is because a reverse mortgage is a non-recourse loan and the FHA insurance absorbs the loan balance. The borrower pays this insurance during the loan closing as well as each month.

When the borrower dies, the heirs can keep the home by financing the HECM loan. They may sell the home and keep the remaining proceeds that don’t go toward the reverse mortgage loan repayment. Alternatively, heirs may walk away without any negative effect on their credit histories or sign a Deed-in-Lieu of Foreclosure to satisfy the loan. 

Heirs are advised to process a reverse mortgage loan quickly after it becomes due.  Sell your home can be done if the heirs are unable to use the property.

A reverse mortgage can be paid off early by refinancing it with a traditional loan or paying the difference between how much was borrowed and how much is owed on the home.

The borrower may also make monthly payments, which will shorten how long they have left in their life before getting a HECM.

Consumer financial protection bureau (CFPB)

Requires any lender providing a reverse mortgage to be federally regulated, in good standing, and comply with state laws.

The CFPB also requires the lender or servicer of your loan to give you an annual statement disclosing how much equity is available on your home. This information will show how long it could take for you to pay off the debt.

Can A Reverse Mortgage Be Refinanced?

There are many good reasons why many homeowners choose to refinance their reverse mortgages.

Increased Home Equity

When you notice an increase in the value of your revere mortgaged home, refinancing allows you to tap into the additional home equity with the jumbo reverse mortgage program. This program allows for home values to be more than the FHA lending limit of $726,525. You can receive the proceeds as a lump sum cash-out payment and/or a line of credit.

Lower Interest Rate

Reverse mortgage refinancing can lead to lowered current loan interest rate.  

Also, the ongoing mortgage insurance premium, which was recently lowered from 1.25% to .50%, can also be beneficial a good reason to refinance your reverse mortgage. 

Is there a prepayment penalty on reverse mortgages?

The answer is: There are no prepayment penalties on reverse mortgages. In most cases, there’s a contract of up to ten years that allows you and other homeowners to pay off the loan balance at any time without penalty. This also means that your home equity can increase over time as property values change in your neighborhood or market conditions improve.

What happens if you don’t pay back a reverse mortgage?

In general, if you don’t make payments, the lender can start foreclosure proceedings on your property.

If they do foreclose on your home, how much of a loss will I suffer?

As with any type of foreclosure, not all parts of this process are known in advance and it may be hard to predict how losses might occur.

Can you do a reverse mortgage loan if your house is paid off?

Whether you have an existing mortgage or own your home free and clear, keep in mind that a HECM (home equity conversion mortgage) reverse mortgage borrower can access 60% of the reverse mortgage proceeds in the first year; After the mortgage is paid off, they can do whatever they want with the additional proceeds.

Is there a prepayment penalty on reverse mortgages?

No. There is no prepayment penalty charged to reverse mortgage borrowers who want to repay the loan early. It is a good idea to contact your lender for how to make a one-time lump sum payment, as they will be able to give you the most accurate information about how to do this.

What is the downside of a reverse mortgage?

The downside of a HECM reverse mortgage is that it can delay retirement planning. For example, if you use the money to supplement your income and pay off debt or buy a vacation home instead of saving for retirement, then drawing on equity from your home could negatively impact how much you have in savings when you retire.

Therefore, you deciding to get a reverse mortgage, you should be prepared to take the long view and be willing to forgo some of your short-term goals. An experienced professional should be able to help you make this decision.

What about Property Taxes?

If you have a reverse mortgage, property taxes are your responsibility. As in a forward mortgage, property taxes are assessed annually and collected by your municipal government. Property taxes are typically billed as part of your monthly mortgage statement.

Conclusion

Reverse mortgages are a unique type of loan that many homeowners turn to in order to supplement their income as they age.

Reverse mortgages are designed to be repaid in monthly installments, but homeowners sometimes find themselves wishing they never got the loan when their income changes or their life plans shift. Fortunately, those in need of an alternative to reverse mortgages have options.

If you want to pay off a reverse mortgage, it is wise to seek and expert advice. Therefore, contact a reverse mortgage lender to know your options. A professional and industry-experienced lender will help you navigate through the process smoothly. 

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